Sciatic nerve pain is more commonly referred to as sciatica. It’s a kind of pain that is due to an irritation within the sciatic nerve. Usually, the pain starts on the lower back or lumbar area and then spreads along the thigh, up until the knee. The reason behind this is the fact that sciatic nerve is located from the spinal-cord within the lumbar area and extends down the buttocks. This is the largest nerve in the body.
The discomfort could also radiate towards the hips. It can make walking very difficult or even impossible. Aside from the pain, sciatica also offers other symptoms. An individual may also feel numbness and tingling or burning sensations through the spine area, upper buttocks, thigh or the rear of his legs. Sometimes, these symptoms are worsened by bending the waist or by walking. It could be partially or completely relieved by laying.
There are many causes for lower back pain. Usually it is actually the consequence of lumbar disc hernia that presses directly on the nerve. This could either cause an inflammation or irritation inside the learn about sciatica treatment. Other causes might include tumor growths, infection, internal bleeding, trauma, and different injuries. The nerve can also be irritated by any adjacent muscle or bone. On some cases, it may also be due to pregnancy.
Three of the common causes of sciatica are spinal disc herniation, spinal stenosis and piriformis syndrome. In a spinal disc herniation takes place when a person suddenly bends or twists their waist. Once the spinal disc is herniated, it may press over a nerve and cause swelling on the surrounding tissues, which further progresses on the nerve. With lumbar spinal stenosis, the room for the spinal cord is narrowed. It pinches and irritates the nerves like the sciatic nerve. Piriformis syndrome is really a condition wherein the sciatic nerve undergoes the piriformis muscle instead of underneath it. Once this muscle is overused or injured in people with this syndrome, it compresses or strangles the sciatic nerve, causing lower back pain.
To ensure that low back pain to become treated, it must be diagnosed first. Checking for your symptoms, plus a physical exam and health background will help using the diagnosis. Diagnostic tests including electromyogram, X-rays, MRI and CT scans are helpful for determining exactly what the exact cause is.
There are numerous treatment options for sciatica. Apart from treating the actual cause, medications and physiotherapy can also be helpful. The main goal of medications is the relief of pain and inflammation. On the contrary, physical therapy focuses on strengthening your back. Lower back stretching and conditioning exercises greatly help people who have zygolr recovery. Although bed rest will not be an absolute essential for recovery, still it helps relieve symptoms which is still being encouraged. On some instances, surgery is needed to treat sciatic nerve pain. It is indicated for persisting and chronic sciatica that is due to a compression of the nerve within the lower back area. In other cases, specialists on pain management are consulted to assist treat with chronic sciatic nerve pain.