A container price must have specific control settings and loading procedures in order to make sure that cargo will survive shipping with full protection of the goods to prevent spoilage. Without the right techniques followed, and depending on the environment, significant loss percentages of cargo will result.
Reefer should meet intermodal transport regulations in terms of size and accommodations for transport by ship, rail and truck and kind of refrigeration method. Here’s a summary of settings requirements and loading procedures to aid assure transport will be achieved without incident:
1. Set the refer container temperature for the optimum conditions in the cargo. Most reefer cargo (50 plus percent) contains fruits and vegetables, and the other 40 percent consists of meats and fish. Each type has specific setting and loading requirements. Settings would typically be set either for fresh cargo having to be chilled, or frozen.
2. Set the ventilation level, that is, the airflow rate from the reefer, rated in CBM (cubic meters) hourly. Air-flow is usually from the bottom of the reefer to the peak. Ventilation for chilled (not frozen) produce must flow around and through packaging. Ventilation for frozen cargo should be closed, that is certainly, just across the cargo.
3. Set humidity control for maximum conditions based on cargo.
4. Load the cargo. Cargo type will dictate load methods and restrictions. Cargo needs to be secured in order that, once loaded, it will not move during shipment. Loaded cargo must not violate the highest red-load line, which establishes the maximum height of cargo within the reefer container manufacturer, to permit proper airflow come back to the refrigeration unit.
5. Airflow must not be restricted from the proper flow around and through the cargo. This can depend on the kind of cargo and whether it be chilled or frozen. However, if you will find significant gaps around the cargo, or excessively large chimneys in between the cargo, airflow will seek these paths of least resistance and minimize proper airflow where it is required to maintain proper cargo temperature and humidity.
6. Close and seal the reefer. Prepare appropriate shipping and regulatory documents. If marine anchor price has become properly loaded and sealed with temperature, humidity and airflow at appropriate set-points, the container should qcovcf secure without need to open it up at any time with the transport process unless regulatory control requires in-shipment inspection.
A properly loaded and shipped reefer should provide adequate protection and upkeep of goods from start to finish of the shipping cycle. Refrigerated shipping containers are frequently called reefers. A reefer is described as “a refrigerator (especially one big enough to get walked into), a refrigerator car, ship or truck.” Reefers play a crucial role in global trade. They permit companies to ship items such as fruits, vegetables, dairy foods along with other items requiring refrigeration while in transit. Reefers ensure goods are shipped on the optimal temperature, humidity and ventilation levels needed for the item they are transporting. Reefer containers are typically fitted with individual refrigeration units that hook in directly with the cargo or reefer ships’ electrical supply.
Refrigerated container vessels are specially created to permit the transport of individual refrigerated container units plus they are usually present in special parts of the ships cargo hold. Some modern ships contain water cooling systems and a few reefers are fitted with redundant cooling systems to make sure perishable cargo is not spoiled because of a refrigeration unit going bad.